Heritage street

The following streets are listed as heritage streets due to their historic character or landscape history:Chesterfield Parade Bronte and the avenue of Hill's Figs

  • Brisbane Street
  • Alt Street
  • Rawson Avenue
  • Manning Street
  • Chesterfield Parade
  • Avoca Street
  • Flood Street 
  • Francis Street (Wellington to Denham Street)
  • Oceanview Avenue

Streetscape Character

Most of the tree plantings date back to the 1930’s and are located in wide streets either in the roadways with semi-circular cut-outs e.g. Rawson Avenue or in the middle of wide naturestrips.

Dominant Trees

Common name Botanical name
Camphor Laurel Cinnamomum camphora
Hills Fig Ficus microphylla var ‘Hillii’
Port Jackson Fig Ficus rubiginosa
Brushbox Lophostemon confertus
Poplar Populus nigra ‘Italica’
Paperbark Melaleuca quinquenervia
New Zealand Christmas Bush Metrosideros excelsa


Issues and Considerations

  • Many of these heritage listed trees were planted during the 1930’s and have been assessed on the database as over-mature or senescent
  • A number of these over-mature trees could be classified as hazardous due to their poor to fair condition or structural defects. These hazards have been exacerbated by previous poor pruning practices; excessive pruning of roots for road re-surfacing or repairs to kerbs and gutters
  • Additional streets with impressive avenues of trees could be nominated for heritage listing to ensure their protection e.g. Onslow Street
  • Some existing trees have raised or exposed surface roots that have been damaged by road and footpath construction and repairs


  • Maintain and enhance the existing stock of heritage trees
  • Increase and expand the number of heritage listed street trees
  • Ensure that plantings are sympathetic to the heritage values of the built environment


  • Use the street tree database to determine the health and condition of each tree listed in heritage streets and their projected lifespan using the SULE method (Safe Useful Life Expectancy)
  • Individually assess these trees and prioritise an action plan for each street for renewal/replacement
  • Using current replacement costs, estimate projected costs and seek funding
  • Assess other streets for planting of potential heritage trees
  • Investigate the use of specially constructed tree pits for replacement trees in heritage streets to minimise potential root damage
  • Choose trees from the accompanying table of potential heritage trees.

Preferred Tree Species

Size Common name Botanical name
(6 to 12 metres)
Coastal Banksia Banksia integrifolia
Tuckeroo Cupaniopsis anacardioides
Waterhousea Waterhousea floribunda
Smooth Barked Apple Angophora costata
(over 12 metres)
Cook Island Pine or New Caledonia Pine
Araucaria columnaris *
Norfolk Island Pine Araucaria heterophylla
Port Jackson Fig Ficus rubiginosa
Cabbage Tree Palm Livistona australis
Brushbox Lophostemon confertus
Fine-leafed Paperbark Melaleuca leucadendra *
Paperbark Melaleuca quinquenervia
 Cotton Palm Washingtonia robusta
 * = may only be available from specialist native nurseries
Subscribe to our Enviro newsletter

Get the latest news and tips on creating an environmentally sustainable community, free eco-wise workshops and events, delivered straight to your inbox each month. Read some of our latest newsletters online now, or subscribe by clicking the button below.

Subscribe now