Coastal slopes & basin

This is the general area situated just back from the frontline coastal zone and extending inland towards the ridgetops of Waverley, Bondi and Dover Heights. The coastal conditions of salt laden winds and strong on-shore winds still predominate and influence the growth and success of tree planting. Many taller buildings offer some protection for the smaller and medium sized trees; however, some of the taller growing species show the effects of coastal exposure.

The areas include the ridgetops and east/south facing slopes from Vaucluse and Dover Heights, Bondi Beach and the Bondi basin, and the streets extending inward from Tamarama and Bronte beaches. The more exposed southern facing slopes are the most affected.

Streetscape Character

The streets in Dover Heights and Vaucluse generally have wide grassy footpaths with no overhead wires – good site conditions for tree planting. Around North Bondi and Bondi the smaller commercial areas also have wide footpaths with no overhead wires but many are concreted or paved with small cut-outs for existing trees. Away from these commercial areas the streets narrow in size with corresponding narrow footpaths and naturestrips; overhead wires are more common restricting the range of suitable trees that can be used

Dominant Trees

Common name Botanical name
Coastal Banksia Banksia integrifolia
Paperbark Melaleuca quinquenervia
Bottlebrush Callistemon 'Kings Park Special'
Bracelet Honey Myrtle Melaleuca armillaris
Tuckeroo Cupaniopsis anacardiodes
New Zealand Christmas Bush Metrosideros excelsa
Norfolk Island Hibiscus Lagunaria patersonia

Issues and Considerations

  • Number of declining street trees (mostly New Zealand Christmas Bush Metrosideros excelsa)
  • Exposure to coastal winds and poor soil quality limits species selection
  • Low number of streets with overhead wires but views to the ocean need to be considered with species selection


  • To create a distinctive local coastal character.
  • Improve planting conditions to increase rate of tree survival -


  • Choose trees from the accompanying table of coastal tolerant trees.
  • Increase width of planting hole to a minimum of one metre and incorporate quality native soil mix and water crystals
  • Maximise the width of concrete cut-outs for new trees and incorporate root barriers to minimise any potential footpath damage

Preferred Tree Species

Common name
Botenical name

(to 6 metres)

Fringed Wattle
Acacia fimbriata
Dwarf Apple
Angophora hispida
Lemon-Scented Bottlebrush
Callistemon citrinus *
Weeping Bottlebrush
Callistemon ‘Dawson River’
Callistemon 'Kings Park Special' *
Port Jackson Pine
Callitris rhomboidea
Port Jackson Mallee
Eucalyptus obstans
Coastal Tea Tree
Leptospermum laevigatum
Bracelet Honey Myrtle
Melaleuca armillaris
White Feather Honey Myrtle
Melaleuca decora *

(6 to 12 metres)
Red Apple
Acmena ingens
Purple-leafed Willow Myrtle
Agonis flexuosa ‘After Dark’
Forest Oak
Allocasuarina torulosa
Lemon Myrtle
Backhousia citriodora
Coastal Banksia
Banksia integrifolia
Saw Banksia
Banksia serrata
Illawarra Flame tree
Brachychiton acerifolius *
Cupaniopsis anacardioides
Blueberry Ash
Elaeocarpus reticulatus
Scribbly Gum
Eucalyptus haemastoma
Red-leafed Hibiscus Tree
Hibiscus 'Rubra'
New Zealand Christmas Bush
Metrosideros spp

(over 12 metres)
Sydney Red Gum
Angophora costata *
Cook Island Pine or New Caledonia Pine
Araucaria columnaris
Norfolk Island Pine
Araucaria heterophylla
Yellow Bloodwood
Corymbia eximia
Cabbage Tree Palm
Livistona australis
Fine-leafed Paperbark
Melaleuca leucadendra *
Broad-leafed Paperbark
Melaleuca quinquenervia
Cotton Palm
Washingtonia robusta
 *= may only be available from specialist native nurseries
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